|Research and Publication Ethics|| > For Authors and Reviewers > Research and Publication Ethics
The journal adheres to the ethical guidelines for research and publication described in the Guidelines on Good Publication (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines) and the ICMJE Guidelines (http://www.icmje.org).
Authorship credit should be based on (1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, and/or analysis and interpretation of data; (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (3) final approval of the version to be published; and (4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Every author should meet all of these four conditions. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained by a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. This letter must be signed by all authors of the paper. Copyright assignment must also be completed by every author.
- Corresponding author and first author: AJAS allows a multiple corresponding authorship (maximum two) for one article. Only one author should correspond with the editorial office for one article. AJAS accepts notice of equal contribution for the first author when the study was clearly performed by co-first authors (maximum two).
- Correction of authorship after publication: AJAS does not correct authorship after final acceptance unless a mistake has been made by the editorial staff. Authorship may be changed before final acceptance when the authorship correction is requested by all of the authors involved with the manuscript.
2. Originality, Plagiarism, and Duplicate Publication
Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published and not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the editorial board of AJAS. Submitted manuscripts are screened for possible plagiarism or duplicate publication by CrossCheck upon receipt by the journal. If plagiarism or duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the manuscripts may be rejected, the authors will be announced in the journal, and their institutions will be informed. There will also be penalties for the authors.
A letter of permission is required for any and all material that has been published previously. It is the responsibility of the author to request permission from the publisher for any material that is being reproduced. This requirement applies to text, figures, and tables.
3. Secondary Publication
It is possible to republish manuscripts if they satisfy the conditions of secondary publication of the ICMJE Recommendations (http://www.icmje.org/urm_main.html).
4. Conflict of Interest Statement
The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authorsâ€™ interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.
5. Care and Use of Animals
All animal experiments should be reviewed by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC) for the care and use of animals. The manuscript must include a statement of IACUC compliance that should appear as the first item in the Methods section. If necessary, the editor or reviewers may request copies of these documents to resolve questions about IACUC approval and study conduct. AJAS retains the right to reject any manuscript on the basis of unethical conduct or misconduct of animal studies.
6. Process for Managing Research and Publication Misconduct
When the journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, complaints against editors, and so on, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (http://publicationethics.org/resources/flowcharts). The discussion and decision on the suspected cases will be carried out by ethics committee of AJAS.
7. Editorial Responsibilities
The editorial board will continuously work to monitor and safeguard publication ethics: guidelines for retracting articles; maintenance of the integrity of the academic record; preclusion of business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards; publishing corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed; and excluding plagiarism and fraudulent data. The editors maintain the following responsibilities: responsibility and authority to reject and accept articles; avoiding any conflict of interest with respect to articles they reject or accept; promoting publication of corrections or retractions when errors are found; and preservation of the anonymity of reviewers.