1College of Animal Science and Technology, Hunan Agricultural University, changsha, China 2State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, beijing, China 3Synergetic Innovation Center Of Food Safety and Nutrition, Harbin, 150030, PR China 4World Agroforestry Centre, East and Central Asia, Beijing 100081, PR China
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Received: June 2, 2016; Revised: November 7, 2016. Accepted: February 19, 2017. Published online February 23, 2017.
The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effects of heat stress on milk protein and blood amino acid profile in dairy cows. Twelve dairy cows with the similar parity, days in milk and milk yield were randomly divided into two groups with six cows raised in summer and others in autumn, respectively. Constant managerial conditions and diets were maintained during the experiment. Measurements and samples for heat stress and no heat stress were obtained according to the physical alterations of the temperature-humidity index. Results showed that heat stress significantly reduced the milk protein content (P < 0.05). Heat stress tended to decrease milk yield (P = 0.09). Furthermore, heat stress decreased dry matter intake, the concentration of blood glucose and insulin, and glutathione peroxidase activity, while increased levels of non-esterified fatty acid and malondialdehyde (P < 0.05). Additionally, the concentrations of blood Thr involved in immune response were increased under heat stress (P < 0.05). The concentration of blood Ala, Glu, Asp and Gly, associated with gluconeogenesis, were also increased under heat stress (P < 0.05). However, the concentration of blood Lys that promotes milk protein synthesis was decreased under heat stress (P < 0.05). In conclusion, this study revealed that more amino acids were required for maintenance but not for milk protein synthesis under heat stress, and the decreased availability of amino acids for milk protein synthesis may be attributed to competition of immune response and gluconeogenesis.
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